But if we offered a free transplant to him, and received a kidney for an American patient in return, two lives would be saved. The plan sounds noble but expensive. Yet remember, Mr. Recently, Rees et al.
The Filipino donor donated to an American in the United States through a kidney exchange chain. We show that the logistical obstacles in this approach, although considerable, are surmountable.
Minerva, Savulescu and Peter Singer write in defense of the program:. Lurking behind all the arguments against the GKE is the assumption that people who are poor are incapable of autonomous choices. So, if they appear to choose to act in ways that benefit not only themselves, but people in HICs, they must have been coerced, exploited, or commodified. Poverty does narrow down the options available to people, and often forces them to settle for an option that is not as good as a wealthy person would choose.
That, however, is irrelevant to the ethics of the GKE if that programme provides a better option to patients in LMICs who need a kidney than any other option currently available to them. Despite the huge challenges faced by the agriculture sector, food production also offers a tremendous opportunity to realize the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate agreement targets while stemming environmental degradation and biodiversity losses.
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But we need to change the way we feed ourselves. And we need to do it quickly.
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It is vital that we transform our agricultural and food systems so they work with and not against nature. The Scaling Up Agroecology Initiative aims to show how diversified agroecological systems are vital not only to addressing poverty, hunger, and climate change mitigation and adaptation, but also for directly realizing 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in areas such as health, education, gender, water, energy and economic growth.
Agroecology is the use of ecological and social concepts and principles in agricultural production systems. There is no single definition, but it implies sustainable, integrated land management and involves diversification of the production system, including agroforestry.
Other terms such as regenerative agriculture or ecoagriculture are also used. Back in , the Food and Agriculture Organization did not pay much attention to agroecology. But things have changed enormously since then, as governments and farmers across the world are realizing that throwing increasing amounts of pesticides and fertilizers at crops is no longer sustainable, viable or, in the long term, profitable.
Sources and Methods
Photo by Shuhrat Ahmedov. With more than million undernourished people in the world—a figure that is growing, not shrinking—and a major global obesity crisis, agroecology can, and is, providing new solutions. Take Andhra Pradesh in India. More and more farmers are coming on board.
Data Revolution Report
In the last years, more than 90 per cent of crop varieties have disappeared from farmers' fields. Half of the breeds of many domestic animals have been lost, and all the world's 17 main fishing grounds are now being fished at or above their sustainable limits. Such developments have environmental, cultural and health impacts. Photo by Flickr. To bring about change, education is vital.
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For further information, please contact Marieta Sakalian. Are you sure you want to print? Save the planet. Opt not to print. United Nations Environment Programme. Breadcrumb Home News and Stories Story. Photo by Saroj Pant, Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development Agroecology is the use of ecological and social concepts and principles in agricultural production systems.
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