Downloaded By: [Jonsson, Hiorleifur][Arizona State University] At: 8 June Imagine, then, how few are capable of tracing human migration over a period of , years. While the focus of migration research on the nineteenth century and beyond has been on voluntary labour migration, the authors point to the significance of forced migrations, thus reminding us that both economic and political factors have played important roles.
In a far-ranging chapter devoted to migration theory, readers are offered a review that moves from figures like Ravenstein in the nineteenth century to current theorizing about diasporas and transnationalism. While the Chicago School receives the attention one might expect, along with seminal historians such as Oscar Handlin, the book also reviews the work of several individuals one might be surprised to see, including Gilberto Freyre, Fernando Ortiz and Everett and Helen Hughes.
Rather, it is associated with the more historically grounded approaches advanced by Jan Lucassen and Leslie Moch. In the two remaining chapters, the authors take up several issues that have factored prominently in immigration research as we have moved into the twenty-first century. Attention to the significance of both race and gender in shaping patterns of mobility has become an increasingly characteristic feature of research agendas in recent years.
So has the significance of transnationalism, which, by focusing attention on the ongoing relationships between homeland and settlement country, begins to redress the lack of attention to the impact of emigration on sending nations, in stark contrast to the voluminous work produced on the varied impacts of immigration on receiving nations. Finally, current efforts to consider the role of states, both sending and receiving, in establishing and sustaining migratory patterns is addressed, along with the related matter of the current debates concerning the role of citizenship in helping to forge a sense of belonging.
In short, this book is a succinct guide to the field of migration history. While it will be of particular value to novices coming into the field, both undergraduate and graduate students, there is also plenty on offer for old hands. Or imagine the second-generation son of immigrant parents who sees those around him talking about change but not doing enough, such that he takes matters into his own hands and shoots the president of the United States, just as Leon Czolgosz had done to William McKinley in Largely presented in chronological fashion, this history begins in the Roman Empire, moves through the Medieval period and the Renaissance, and settles into a narrative recounting an arc of revolutionary terrorism beginning in the late eightenth century and travelling forward to the beginnings of ethno-nationalist inspired terrorism in the twentieth.
The book concludes with a series of summaries of the various political and social movements that have employed or become associated with the implementation of terrorist political violence in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. One is struck by how little space is taken by the violence associated with Political Islam.
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To me this is wholly appropriate. Law traces the origins of the Muslim Brotherhood in s Egypt, explores the impact of Sayyud Qutb, and connects the present activities of the Taliban, al-Qaeda and Hezbollah and Hamas back to the events of the late s and early s.
Ethnographic Museums and the Question of the Postcolonial
Law restores a sense of history to the analysis of political violence that includes the techniques of terrorism. Similarly, Law reminds us that terrorism is a technique of politics. In an era when so much literature connects terrorism to religion, Law conveys both the identity component to religion, as marking one group from another, and that the conflict between groups is political in nature. Revisiting the path of violence in Palestine from the time of the British Protectorate, when much of the terrorism was carried out by Zionist revolutionaries looking to create a Jewish state; through the rise of the Palestinian Liberation Organization and its secular, socialist, nationalist ideals; through to today; Law draws a bigger picture of a continuing sixty-year struggle in the region between political groups for political ends.
In a text that only runs pages, Law moves too fast to provide depth to the portraits he offers. However, the entire work feels more like a survey for the uninitiated. Each only receives limited space, and the treatment is cursory at best. However, for those unfamiliar with this history, Law provides an accessible text that would be eye-opening. I can well imagine recommending this text as a reference for an undergraduate course on a history of political violence, or an introduction to terrorism and political conflict.
The work may also have a wider appeal outside of academe for those interested in the origins and evolution of terrorism. It will be a valuable resource for many, and is a reminder to us all that terrorism is not a phenomenon as new as some political figures would have us believe. Downloaded By: [Jonsson, Hiorleifur][Arizona State University] At: 8 June Anders Neergaard and his contributors should be commended for offering such a substantial, insightful and useful contribution to migration studies within the ongoing development of the European Union EU. With twenty contributors and an introduction, this hefty edited volume manages to include both specific studies of member countries i.
Colonial museums in a postcolonial Europe - Semantic Scholar
Sweden, the states of the former Yugoslavia, Italy, Spain and France and more conceptually oriented ones racialization, irregularity, citizenship, multiculturalism. It thus need not be read all at once. The volume contains four sections but space prevents me from addressing them all. All the articles in the first section offer excellent introductions to the key themes in the volume. Each forcefully reveals the underlying structural features that entangle migrants and migration with the construction of the European Union and its border.
Peo Hansen cleverly analyses the democracy deficit evidenced through EU referenda. Stephen Castles offers a valuable analysis of the political economic connections between Europe and African migration and the current ineffectiveness of EU policies towards stemming migration through enhanced border security and encouraging neoliberal development. His policy prescriptions, though welcome, seem unlikely to prevail after the devastatingly grim analysis he has already set forth.
The second section on migrant labour and forms of exclusion and subordination is more uneven in quality.
I would have wished that the editor insisted that the conceptual articles in this section provided some empirical material to illuminate the arguments made. Nevertheless, of the eleven articles in this section, there are some gems.
This policy shift is revealed to be particularly devastating to inhabitants of multi-ethnic suburbs. The four articles in the third section address questions about citizenship, social cohesion and multiculturalism. Catherine Wihtol de Wenden provides a perceptive analysis of immigration and integration policy in France.
She reveals how integration policy is entwined with the French national self-image of republicanism and reveals the consequences of this for migrants and ethnic minorities. Even so, she argues that a just and socially cohesive society based on difference can emerge from a culturally heterogeneous or multiculturally diverse society if we think about alternative forms of solidarity and social struggles to overcome problematic forms of difference based on exclusion or devalorization. Overall, the majority of articles in this collection effectively address the problematics of European Union citizenship and migrant social exclusion through an integration of theoretical concerns with empirical evidence.
As a result, it is a useful contribution to European migration studies. Myths and Realities is a very useful contribution to the history of the Caribbean. Easily the most important myth destroyed is that the Arawaks and Caribs were the two groups in the pre-colonial Caribbean. It used to be standard teaching in elementary and primary school that the peaceful Arawaks were pushed by the fierce and warlike Caribs from off the South American continent northwards up the chain of islands, beginning with Trinidad and Tobago.
Reid succinctly marshals the archaeological evidence to establish that the first migrants, called the Ortoiroids, from the name of the Ortoire archaeological site in Trinidad, began coming as far back as BC, settling in Puerto Rico as late as BC. These were followed between and BC by the Casimiroids named from Casimira in south-west Hispaniola who populated Cuba and Hispaniola. The Saladoids, a later group migrating from the banks of the Orinoco up the islands as far as Puerto Rico, from BC to AD , as they went developed into a multicultural community with a sophisticated social and economic structure that enabled them to carry out an inter-island and continental lapidary trade.
Although the Tainos spoke a language that is classified as belonging to the Arawakan family, they were definitely not Arawak Myth 3 , being culturally distinct from them. That migration also came direct from Central America is certainly plausible, but until the plausible becomes fact, whether through archaeological evidence or unerring deduction, people cannot be blamed for holding onto the only established certainty that the Caribbean islands were peopled by migrants pushing up the archipelago island after island.
Credit for stirring up and maintaining the dialogue about freedom, power, dignity and sovereignty for all Haitians is ascribed to young Marxists of various colours and socioeconomic backgrounds, whose experiences of tasting true freedom in Europe and elsewhere motivated responses and fuelled aspirations for similar systems of government in Haiti. The reader is afforded a behind the scenes view of these powerful heralds of Haitian self-determination, throughout the five chapters. The efforts of Haitian Marxists in post-occupation Haiti were often thwarted by ideological differences among themselves, and by various elite groups who methodically exacerbated their internal division.
Nevertheless, these youthful idealists relinquished their individual rights, becoming prisoners and outcasts in their own country, in order to advocate for the distribution of power among all Haitians. He emphasizes that national and international conflicts originated from differences in race, nationality, class, colour, religion, and often from a combination of those. As examples, distinctions are made in several sections of the book between black nationalists and noiristes, between communism and nationalism, between Marxism and noirisme, between the elites and the masses, and between milat and white Haitians.
These distinctions suggest a confluence of racial, national and religious conflict with ideological conflict. The unbiased treatment of historical material and anecdotal data leaves the reader unconcerned about the political affiliations of individuals who tenaciously clung to their visions of a truly free Haiti. The Downloaded By: [Jonsson, Hiorleifur][Arizona State University] At: 8 June inclusion of valuable photographs of key individuals from various periods of Haitian history simulates a personal introduction on each page.
One could walk away from this book embittered towards those involved in the American occupation of Haiti, or those involved in the massacre of Haitians on the Dominican Republic border, or towards those from various Haitian elite groups. Rather, the reader is left with a sense of calm and pride in the endurance and steadfastness of Haitian youth at home or in the diaspora. It is also a very good source for anyone who wants to understand the patience, the seeming indifference and the sometimes volatile expressions of emotion that Haitians will demonstrate.
What are the legacies of colonialism within modern Europe? To what extent do they still matter, to whom and how? Museums in Postcolonial Europe examines museums and colonial legacies in Britain, France and Belgium, showing considerable variety within and among these modern nations regarding the weight of colonial pasts. The chapters range in scope from a single museum to historical and contemporary comparisons within a country, to broader comparisons within Western Europe. As is increasingly commonplace, the analytical focus of these studies is interdisciplinary and alert to the social biases of exhibitionary regimes.
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Description Contents Editor Subjects. Description The history of European nation-building and identity formation is inextricably connected with museums, and the role they play in displaying the acquired spoils and glorious symbols of geopolitical power in order to mobilize public support for expansionist ventures. Offline Computer — Download Bookshelf software to your desktop so you can view your eBooks with or without Internet access.
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